Tag Archives: Firearms


AA11International trafficking in small arms and light weapons—gunrunning—is a major world business, both in legal and black markets. It’s estimated nearly two billion firearms have circulated the planet with millions more produced each year. There’s millions of gun-related deaths and no end in sight for reduction. But it’s not the guns, or the people, that kill. It’s something else—something unchecked that drives huge profits in the global gunrunning trade.

First, let’s look at the definition of small arms / light weapons. This comes right from the International Tracing Instrument (ITI) adopted by the United Nations General Assembly.

AA18“Small Arms are, broadly speaking, weapons designed for individual use. They include, inter alia, revolvers and self-loading pistols, rifles and carbines, sub-machine guns, assault rifles and light machine guns; any man-portable lethal weapon that expels or launches, is designed to expel or launch, or may be readily converted to expel or launch a shot, bullet or projectile by the action of an explosive, excluding antique small arms and light weapons or their replicas. Antique small arms and light weapons and their replicas will be defined in accordance with domestic law. In no case will antique small arms and light weapons include those manufactured after 1899.”

AA23“Light Weapons are, broadly speaking, weapons designed for use by two or three persons serving as a crew, although some may be carried and used by a single person. They include, inter alia, general purpose or universal machine guns, medium machine guns, heavy machine guns, rifle grenades, under-barrel grenade launchers and mounted grenade launchers, portable anti-aircraft guns, portable anti-tank guns, recoilless rifles, man portable launchers of anti-tank missile and rocket systems, man portable launchers of anti-aircraft missile systems, and mortars of a calibre of less than 100 millimetres.”

Notice something left off the list? I’ll get to that. Let’s look at some big-time gunrunners, current and past. 

AA24You’ve probably heard of the Nicolas Cage movie Lord Of War where he portrays a bad-ass based on the real character—Russian arms-trafficker Viktor Bout. From what I’ve seen and heard about the industry, it’s probably not far off the mark.

Take Dale Stoffel. He was a hi-rolling American mercenary / arms dealer who smuggled guns in the Middle East under the shadowy wing of a covert US agency. Predictably, he got whacked in Baghdad back in 2004 but his life was something another movie should be made on.

AA25The current king of private arms dealers is Saudi billionaire Adnan Khashoggi who operates out of Monaco. He got his start supplying weapons to no other than David Stirling, the father of the British SAS, who was doing some stuff in the Middle East. Khashoggi was part of the Iran-Contra gunrunning scandal that nearly took down Ronald Reagan’s presidency, but squeaked out when Colonel Oliver North took the fall. North was a gunrunner if there ever was one.

It’d be unfair to leave out Monzer al-Kassar. The “Prince of Marbella” is a Syrian who worked from Spain and was also part of the Iran-Contra deal. He went on to get caught by a US DEA sting where al-Kassar was selling weapons to the FARC in Colombia. He’s now doing thirty years in an American pen.

AA20Still operating is Russian Leonid Minin who’s currently busy supplying to the mess in the Ukraine. Some of his previous customers were Charles Taylor of Liberia and a guy by the name of Muammar Gaddafi, a Libyan who’s now dead.

These shady characters are great stuff for movies, but the real big gunrunners in the global small arms trade are legitimate companies operating under legitimate government regulations.

And their commodity’s not handguns. It’s assault rifles… and something else.

AA26Russia leads the pack with its production and exports of Mikhail Kalashnikov products made famous by the AK47. Close behind is China with the Type 56, a Kalashnikov knock-off. Third is the US with the M16, followed by Heckler & Koch out of Germany with the G3 and the MP5. Belgium is a big producer of FN armaments and, surprisingly, Canada is a major world producer and exporter.

It’s not guns Canada is pumping out, though. It’s worse.

AA7You have to give credit to agencies like the Small Arms Survey who keep track of these guys. This is a credible watchdog—an independent research project funded by the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva, Switzerland. It puts out an annual report of shocking information and statistics as a resource for governments, policy makers, and activists, as well as researchers on small arms issues.

Here’s what the Small Arms Survey say about themselves.

“The Survey monitors national and international initiatives (governmental and non-governmental), and acts as a forum and clearinghouse for the sharing of information. It also disseminates best practice measures and initiatives dealing with small arms issues.

AA9The Small Arms Survey mandate is to look at all aspects of small arms and armed violence. It provides research and analysis by which to support governments to reduce the incidence of armed violence and illicit trafficking through evidence-based analysis.

The project’s staff includes international experts in security studies, political science, law, international public policy, development studies, economics, conflict resolution, and sociology. The staff works closely with a worldwide network of researchers and partners.

The project’s flagship publication is the Small Arms Survey, an annual review of global small arms issues such as production, stockpiles, brokering, legal and illicit arms transfers, the effects of small arms, and national, bilateral, and multilateral measures to deal with the problems associated with small arms. Published by Cambridge University Press, it is recognized as the principal international source of impartial and reliable information on all aspects of small arms. It is widely used policy-makers, government officials and non-governmental organizations.”

Like I said, this is a credible outfit that publishes an annual report that’s publicly available. And, year after year, they’ve pointed-out a scam in the international assault-rifle business that gunrunners manipulate.

AA27I mentioned the big five assault weapons — the AK47, the Type 56, the M16, the G3 & MP5, and the FN lines. Well, coincidently, there’s also five major types of ammunition these weapons require before they can kill people. 

The 7.62 x 54 Russian
The 7.62 x 51 NATO
The 7.62 x 39 Russian
The 5.56 x 45 NATO
The 5.56 x 39 Russian

AA10What’s going on is these assault rifles get cross-chambered for different calibers of bullets and selectively distributed to hot spots around the world. The ammunition is then brokered on the side.

It’s the old law of supply and demand, folks. Some banana-republic warlord in Sierra Leone buys a batch of AK47’s chambered in 5.56 x 39 and receives cases of 5.56 x 45’s to go with it. Won’t work. So while he’s desperate to get on with the war, in steps a guy like old Minin who sells him the right ammo at grossly inflated prices. And that’s how big money’s made in gunrunning. Short the supply. Supply the demand.

So who’s making the ammunition? The stuff that really kills people?

AA28Let’s look at something the Canadian Press just dug up. It’s also reported by the CBC. These figures are estimates, based on investigative reporting, so I can’t verify their accuracy. However, I believe they’ve found something nasty.

In 2014, the United States imported $995 million worth of small arms—of that $139 million (14%) was in ammunition. The United States exported $606 million—of that $158 million (26%) was in ammo.

In 2014, Canada imported $26 million worth of small arms—of that $2.75 million (11%) was in ammunition. Canada exported $415 million worth of small arms—of that $320 million (77%) was in ammo, including military explosives and detonators.

Notice that ammunition was left off the UN’s list?

It’s not guns that kill people. It’s not people that kill people. It’s bullets that kill people. Guns are useless without bullets.

AA29Canada, always claiming to be the poster-child for domestic gun control, is one of the world’s largest producers of ammunition—yearly exporting twice as many bullets than the United States. And guess who Canada’s biggest customer is? Saudi Arabia. The wealthiest country, in the most heavily armed, most unstable region in the world.

Way to go, Canada. You’re running with the big guns.


grodgers-write-deadly-fiction-cover-online-use-3debook-sml[1]Crime fiction is the second largest-selling book genre, slightly behind romance. It’s a craft an author must have passion for, as well as having the writing skills and subject knowledge to make their story believable—and hold their reader’s interest. Passion has to pre-exist in the writer but, thankfully, the techniques can be learned. I’m betting that 808 Killer Tips on How to Write Deadly Crime Fiction will help.

The No BS series of crime fiction guides is a project I’m passionately working on. It started as a self-teaching venture when I began fiction writing. I quickly found that, although I might be an adequate technical writer, I knew little about the tricks of the fiction trade.


grodgers-write-deadly-cover-online-use-3dbook-sml[1]I researched and developed a list of pointers—mostly notes to self—on some of the most important tips. Thinking it would be helpful to others, I published it as a pdf under the title Dead Write with 99 tips and offered it as sign-up bait for my blogsite. It’s now matured as Guide One with a more professional look as 101Killer Tips on Writing Deadly Crime Thrillers. It’s still available free on this site.

The series goes beyond diction and syntax. It gives writers a unique look into the real side of crime writing based on my actual experience and a hell of a lot of research—never mind help from a gem of a source.

AA2My friend and fellow crime writer, Sue Coletta, generously offered to critique and edit the guides. Sue is an accomplished author on her own with a new crime thriller Marred hitting the shelves on November 11, 2015. Sue recently renovated her website and it’s an excellent source of information for crime writers and fans. Visit Sue at www.suecoletta.com and get her own free tips: 60 Ways To Murder Your Fictional Characters.

grodgers-deadly-selfedit-cover-online-use-sml[1]Guide Two is How to Self-Edit Deadly Crime Thrillers. Researching this has taken my writing knowledge to a whole new level and I hope it does the same to others. What’s opened my eyes is how the process of editing actually works. The takeaway—it’s as vital to learn editing skills as it is to develop writing skills. Editing is revision. Re-Vision.

Writing Deadly Crime Scenes is the third guide. It deals with what really goes on behind the ‘Scenes’. People. Places. Processing. It gives you tips on how crime scene investigators recognize evidence and how you can accurately portray the scenes in your books. The guide has sections on legal requirements, responsibilities of investigative roles, and how personalities intertwine on the CSI ‘food chain’.

grodgers-write-deadly-dialogue-cover-online-use-3debook-sml[1]Deadly Dialogue goes beyond the do’s and don’ts of fiction dialogue. It gives a look at how cops and crooks think, hence how they talk. There’s tips on formatting dialogue so your novel will read like a crime book and not like some soap-opera script. There’s also a glossary of crime terms to get it just right.

Guide Five is on Characters. Let’s set this straight. Plot is all about characters doing something to forward the story and their own development. It makes you think about development of your characters on three levels. One dimensional that have no names. Two dimensional with an occasional appearance as supporting cast. And the three dimensional stars of the show that your reader needs to love or hate.

grodgers-write-deadly-forensics-cover-online-use-3dbook-sml[1]With Guide Six, the series takes a scientific turn and looks at the world of Forensics which no crime story can ignore. You’ll get tips on fingerprinting and footwear impressions. A tour through the lab. Recognize bloodstains and semen stains. Microanalysis. Fires. Explosions.Trace evidence and toolmarks. Entomology, serology, and odontology. It covers psychiatric profiling and you’ll take a ride on the polygraph. (Tough to compress this into 101 single tips.)

You’ll get a bang out of Guide Seven. It’s all about Firearms where you’ll get tips on ballistics, lands, grooves, and striations. It covers types and terminology as well as ammunition and actions. You’ll learn about yield thresholds and fragmentation, the difference between GSW and GSR, and how to snipe off a suspect. You’ll never again call a cartridge a bullet, or a primer a casing, and you’ll know where to turn to for help.

grodgers-write-deadly-autopsies-cover-ebook-interior-1024px[1]Guide Eight takes on Autopsies and the role of forensic pathology. You’ll bag some bodies and slice some Y-incisions; cross-section organs with the tools of the trade and meet with who’s who in the morgue. Experience the stages of mortis (changes in death) and understand why things smell the way they do. How to Write Deadly Accurate Autopsies helps you write convincing causes of death and backs it up with scientific support from the lab.

All eight guides will be condensed into one resource titled How to Write Deadly Crime Fiction — A No BS Guide with 808 Killer Tips. The individual guides will be available online as eBooks with an internal link to printing it as a pdf. The big guy, 808, will be in both digital and print-on-demand.

Guides Two through Eight will be out in the fall of 2015, date TBA. In the meantime, help yourself to Guide One: How to Write Deadly Crime Thrillers — A No BS Guide With 101Killer Tips. I’d appreciate your feedback, so please comment with your thoughts and suggestions.


How to Write Deadly Crime Thrillers — A No BS Guide With 101 Killer Tips.

PS – If you’re already a subscriber to DyingWords and want the new guide, email me at garry.rodgers@shaw.ca and I’ll send you the pdf direct.


A6Guns Don’t Kill People. People Kill People. I’m sure you’ve heard this line or saw it on a bumper sticker on some redneck’s jacked-up 4 X 4. You know the blacked-out Dodge Ram with the rifle rack in the rear window and the white Browning decal on the tail gate. Well, truth is people use guns to kill people.

We have gun control because our legal system of people control doesn’t work well. At least not in Canada.

A4Canadians don’t have the ingrained gun culture that America has, but we still have our share of firearm related homicides. I took a look at the stats and see Canada has .51 gun murders per 100,000 people. The United States has seven times the rate at 3.55 / 100K. Interestingly, Japan has zero (0), Australia has 0.11, Mexico has 10.0, Colombia 27.1, Guatemala 34.8, El Salvador 39.9, and Honduras topped the list at 64.8.

So, you’ve got a lot better chance of being shot to death in Central America than in New York, LA,  or even Vancouver where we have daily drive-by shootings – but the little punk gang-bangers are such piss-poor shots that they rarely hit anyone.

A5What got me writing this is the horrific shootings at the Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church in Charleston, South Carolina. The details of what the psycho used as a firearm or how he got possession of it are yet to come out, but it’s no secret firearms are much easier to obtain, and are much more plentiful in supply, in the US than in Canada.

Canadian gun control laws are not without flaw.

To own guns, Canadians are required to have a firearms Possession and Acquisition License (PAL). You must take an accredited training course, undergo a police investigation where your criminal record is checked, your family is interviewed – especially your spouse, or ex-spouses – and two independent people must sign-off that you’ve no history of mental illness.

A7Firearms are divided into three groups. Non-restricted, such as hunting rifles and shotguns. Restricted, such as handguns and certain assault rifles. And Prohibited, such as fully-automatic weapons. There’s also caveats like locking mechanisms, transport regulations, and magazine capacity.

Restricted firearms have special permits and can only be used on certified firing ranges. Civilians are not allowed to carry handguns in public – with the exception of a very few cases. Even hunting firearms have regulations about where they’re handled and God help if you’re caught with a machine gun. In Canada, possession of firearms is a privilege, not a right.

A8The US is much different and laws vary from state to state. Recently, I attended a seminar in Austin, Texas, and one of the students packed heat in the classroom. Perfectly legal. I saw both his piece and his permit.

It was his constitutional right to bear arms. Right in the 2nd Amendment.

A10“A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.”

I’m not sure the founding fathers had the Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church in mind when they wrote that piece.